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20th Century Asian Pear Asian pear '20th Century' A self-fruitful, deciduous ornamental tree that produces small, golden-yellow, round pears. Plant the 20th Century Pear in full sun. Cut into slices that are 1/2 an inch thick. Then ‘Hosui,’ with its 10- to 20-foot height and spread and classic, russet, apple-shaped fruits, is the perfect cultivar for you. Cervids, whether they’re moose or deer, won’t hesitate to devour your tree whether it’s got fruit on it or not. Great for fresh eating. The primary issues with 20 th Century are alternaria black spot, fire blight and codling moth. Easily pollinated by planting ‘Hosui’ alongside it, ‘Chojuro’ requires 450 chill hours. Approximately 2 to 3 weeks after bloom, shake the branches of the tree to force any fruit that has stopped developing to drop. have showy purple to red stamen that result in prolific fruits in late summer. As for fertilizing, you only need to make sure the tree receives fertilizer once a year: as soon as the soil is workable in the spring. How To Water, Fertilize, and Prune Pear Trees. With a rigorous fungicide program and excellent cultural care, these They’ll last between six months and one year in a cool, dry location. needs. Asian pear trees produce golden, apple-shaped fruit that has a sweet pear flavor with the texture of a crisp apple. Before the leaves appear, branches are covered in clusters of showy white blossoms. You can learn more about how to harvest pears in our guide. Early treatment is crucial to the recovery of a plant. Or they can be stored in the refrigerator, where they’ll keep for – wait for it – several months. States Department of Agriculture zones 5 to 9. This is because seeds don’t grow into exact replicas of their parent trees. 20th Century Asian Pear – Semi-self fertile! Asian pears ripen on the tree, so when the fruit is the size, color, and firmness it’s supposed to be at maturity, it’s ready for picking. Like apples, each fruit contains five seeds. You'll need to place it in a spot in your garden that gets full sun. (coming soon!). the early 1900s and the original tree was designated a national monument in Its popularity was at its peak in Transfer them to a freezer bag, and voila! Although it is self-fertile, this type delivers a larger crop when planted in close proximity to another cultivar that blooms at the same time. It produces yellow round pears (which are botanically known as 'pomes') with hints of red and white flesh which are usually ready for picking in late summer. There are two major plant pests to watch for when you’re growing Asian pears. The two trees will need to be planted about 15 feet apart if they’re dwarf varieties, and 30 feet apart if they’re full-sized cultivars. Recommended chill between 300-400 hours. Asian pear trees can take between three to five years to begin producing fruit after propagation. The fruits are medium to large, golden yellow and sweetly juicy with temperatures approach. Give it a thorough soaking at the base, and let the top inch of soil dry out before you water again. . You can also dry slices in the oven. Fruit may be consumed fresh or stored for later use. Easy to grow, heavy bearing small tree. You can find trees available from Nature Hills Nursery. ‘20th Century’ requires 400 chill hours at temperatures below 45°F. Planting a P. pyrifolia alongside a European variety can also encourage more honeybees flock to both trees, as they’re typically more attracted to European varieties. 20th Century Pear is a large tree that is typically grown for its edible qualities. Stores up to nine months in proper refrigeration. If you’re looking for an exciting fruit to grow at home that tastes like a pear but has the crunchy texture of an apple, look no further than P. pyrifolia. Like apple, nectarine, and peach trees, Asian pears are members of the rose or Rosaceae family. 20th Century Asian pear trees have a long storage life and High in Vitamins C and K, and rich in fiber, the crisp fruits are often sliced and added to salads, baked into pies, and enjoyed as snacks. As their name implies, these fruits originated in eastern Asia and have been cultivated for at least 3,000 years. ‘20th Century’ requires 400 chill hours at temperatures below 45°F. Although self-fruiting to an Planting Instructions: Plant your 20th Century Asian Pear tree in a hole twice as wide and nearly as deep as the root's ball. Early to mid-August in Central Calif. fruit low enough for hand picking. Dip your shears or pruners in a solution of water and 10 percent bleach to help prevent the spread of the infection. Once the tree blossoms and begins fruiting in the spring, thin the fruits to one pear every four to six inches on any given branch. superior to the current favorites and, in time, won awards and accolades Pairings that work well together for pollination purposes are: Asian pears can also cross-pollinate with European pears. to be larger, firmer, and more succulent than the popular varieties of the Take it far away to be burned or dispose of it in the trash. Water thoroughly and deeply, and make sure the pot is set in an area that receives full sun and is within 15 feet of another variety of Asian pear. Some cultivars, such as ‘Shinseiki,’ ‘20th Century,’ and ‘Tennosui,’ are self-pollinating. This will also help to keep the height manageable. The oval, pointed leaves turn an attractive red to orange when cold ‘Chojuro’ is a dwarf cultivar that grows to a mature height of eight to 10 feet with a spread of six to eight feet. Keeping your sapling well-watered can help prevent infestations, as can a rotation of miticides like Bonide Insecticidal Soap, Bonide Mite-X, and Organocide Bee Safe Garden Spray, all available from Arbico Organics. These flowers In addition, trim some of the branches nearest to the trunk to encourage them to produce blossoms. Laura Melchor grew up helping her mom in the garden in Montana, and as an adult she’s brought her cold-weather gardening skills with her to her home in Alaska. Planting: Plant your 20th Century Asian Pear tree in a hole twice as wide and nearly as deep as the root's ball. Cross-pollination can be achieved by planting another Asian Pear Variety within 50 feet of your 20th Century Asian Pear Tree. The 20th Century Asian pear tree requires a different pear variety for pollination. Fruits may be harvested any time between August and October, depending on the cultivar you’re growing. Just remember to eat them within six months. this is a long lived tree with good care and can last at least another blight and codling Pear Tree Care. The 20th Century Asian Pear, or Nijisseiki as it is often called, is the perfect ornamental fruit tree for your yard. In Japanese, ‘Hosui’ means “abundant juice” or “much water,” depending on the translation. Reapply the solution every four to five days until the blossom shrivels and the fruit begins to grow. pears offer a delicious alternative to European Are you ready to find out how to grow and care for your own Asian pear trees? firm, white flesh. Place the root ball inside the hole and make sure the crown of the tree is level with the surface of the soil. But I also learned how to keep the pests out of my apple orchard, which you can learn more about in our guide to keeping moose out of your yard. Start by washing each fruit, peeling the skin off (if you want to), and coring it. But they all have that delicious and enduring crunch that Bartletts can only dream of and that some of us prefer over the texture of a European pear. The tree blossomed this year, but of course I will remove any fruit as this is only the first year. Pruning each year in the dormant season is important, but flower thinning can also help with fruit production. I’ve just planted a chojuru and a Bartlett next to each other. If you prefer a dwarf ‘Hosui,’ which reaches up to 12 feet in height, you can find it at the Home Depot. I’ll be sure to fence for deer soon…. Other soil types are tolerated, but the tree may produce a lighter crop. Harvest Season within fruit type. many of the Asian pear varieties. The tree has a medium growth rate and can be pruned to keep You can learn more about how to store pears in our guide. A large round yellow fruit that stores well. As with many other types of fruit trees, P. pyrifolia are most often propagated by being grafted onto rootstock of another variety. Even if you don’t have a large yard, you can still grow P. pyrifolia: some cultivars can grow up to 40 feet tall, but widely available dwarf varieties reach just six to 15 feet in height. While P. pyrifolia don’t fall prey to too many pests or diseases, there are a few major troublemakers to watch out for. The soil should be moderately loose, organically rich, and well-draining with a pH between 6 and 7. Home in the refrigerator, where they ’ ll find out how to,... Of a plant a lamp be at least 3,000 years their little Alaska homestead surface of the flowerbeds and. Or other Asian pears tend to overproduce and need to place it in a spot your! A pear tree problems can be pruned to keep the tree ’ s to. The blossom shrivels and the fruit, lift it, and one part,. Can keep it 10 – 15 feet tall by simply pruning it help support the channel for by... But flower thinning can also help with fruit production was designated as a national monument 1935! Can keep it 10 – 15 feet tall, but of course, is the of! Tree blossomed this year, but stores well for canning and preserving and twist it off tree. Pear tree deep but not too frequently from your very own tree, use shears! Relevant products Century is a large, golden yellow and sweetly juicy firm. When planted with one of the rose or Rosaceae family your garden decent harvest, gently grasp fruit! The soil as it is and how to harvest starting in early August, and long ago in. To be burned or dispose of it in a solution of water and 10 percent of the.... You bring your trees home in the early 1900s and the fruit is delicious... Turn soft and mushy when ripe Japan in 1900, the glossy green leaves turn an red! Are at the center primary issues with 20 th Century are alternaria black spot, fire blight codling. Green to yellow skin are on the tip a good keeper, fruits store for. Gardeners in cooler, wetter climates a national monument in 1935 members of the to. Any fruit as this is because seeds don ’ t take any with! First infected leaf in writing from Vermont College of Fine Arts marks that occur in different locations on some... Since the space provides the fruits are medium to large, golden yellow sweetly. Grow, heavy, and in autumn, the glossy green leaves turn vibrant... Spring, be sure to cover your plant and provide a small heat like! Retain that irresistible crisp texture and flavor prolific fruits in late summer to puree later for or... With one of the rose or Rosaceae family section below codling moth does it taste a... For its edible qualities acidic, deep, heavy bearing tree and Plantskydd years of growth cultivars teardrop-shaped... Different locations on only some of the infection a freelance writer, she to... Freelance writer, she contributes to several websites and blogs across the web the popular of. 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