It develops into a small tree with oversized leaves. Many ficus tree problems occur as a result of a poor habitat. This is a deciduous tree or large shrub with smooth white bark and 5 to 10-inch-long lobed leaves. The F.elastica can grow as tall as 130 feet (40 meters) and features large, polished leaves that sometimes sport the same blotches as F. banjamina. Now you know why the fig tree is revered and given so much importance across different religions and cultures across the globe. It is regarded as a traditional tree in India, locally referred to as the banyan tree or the Indian banyan. In other parts of the world, the tree is also known as the strangler figs owing to their way of growing. This tree is commonly used as a street tree in tropical areas, and it is also a common specimen in bonsai gardening. are keystone tree species in tropical forest ecosystems and therefore, it is vital to include them in tree planting for forest restoration programs. The latex sap from this tree (also called the rubber fig) was once used in the rubber-making process, though these days most natural latex comes from the Para rubber tree (Hevea brasiliensis). They are generally fast-growing, very vigorous plants that can be invasive when growing conditions are ideal. Jun 24, 2014 - Ficus is commonly called Weeping Fig or simply Ficus. It is quite finicky, so be prepared for some specific care requirements. While it is not possible to discuss each type at length in this article, we have curated a list of all the common and important types of Ficus trees. Ficus trees have had a significant influence on both cultural and religious practices and traditions. Fruits are inedible. When grown in favorable habitats, these plants can grow to a significant size and spread to quite an area providing shade for those in need.Ficus trees are known for their intensive root structures. The Ficus species are also the most popular bonsai trees, because nearly all Ficus trees withstand hard … These trees grow up to the height of 10 feet to 50 feet in length, in their native areas. Closely related to the common Fig tree, this non-native tree gained popularity because of its multi-season interest as an evergreen tree with versatile uses. The F. pumila is a drought tolerant species. The ficus species are commonly known as figs; they are part of the mulberry (Moraceae) family of plants. However, lack of knowledge about critical aspects of their reproductive ecology currently limits their use, particularly optimal seed collection times and potential interruption of their highly specialized pollination mechanisms. The ficus tree commonly used as an ornamental plant is the species Ficus benjamina, with origins from Southeast Asia and Australia. The ficus group is characterized by simple, often glossy ovate to lanceolate evergreen leaves. You can find them in many different textures and heights, but weeping figs are among the most popular indoor trees. Photos depict the full tree, bark, fruit and leaf samples. Indigenous to Australia, these trees grow to astonishing heights, at times even over 200 feet in length. New leaves are reddish in color when they unfurl. Ficus trees also hold great importance in Buddhism and Hinduism. The Ficus genus of plants includes more than 800 woody species found mostly in tropical zones, with a few extending into warmer temperate regions. Pinching off some of the figs when they are just developing will cause the remaining fruit to become larger. The leaves are usually simple and waxy, and most exude white or yellow latex when broken. The Chinese banyan has smooth oblong leaves 2 to 2 1/2 inches long. Commonly referred to as fig, it became a popular group of plants thanks to the edible Mediterranean species called F. carica (2). This type of Ficus tree is actually a cross of different types of Ficus trees that originally came from an Asian tropical forest. One of the most unusual features of these trees is the fact that they do not need pollination to be able to produce fruit. They are able to do this by a process called parthenocarpy. This effect can make the tree spread out over quite a large area; some specimens are among the largest trees in the world in terms of canopy coverage, covering several acres. The vines of this species often attach themselves to walls and pipes of buildings and can be very difficult to remove. The F. carica is very rich in vitamins and minerals, which is why most of the people choose to eat its fruit not fresh but dried. The sap (latex) of some ficus species can cause allergic skin reactions. Jesus is also said to have cursed a fig tree for not bearing any fruit. F. maxima is monoecious; each tree bears functional male and female flowers. Feeding is not required for outdoor figs, but you will need to keep the trees well-watered. However, if you know how to care for a ficus tree, you’ll be better equipped with keeping it healthy and happy in your home for years. In landscape applications, the common fig is often positioned in areas with run-off ravines and gullies, since it has an extensive root system that can seek out water while stabilizing banks and slopes. Leaves vary in shape from long and narrow to more oval, and range from 6–24 (cm) (2–9 in) long and from 2.5–12 cm (0.98–4.72 in) wide. The genus name Ficus is the Latin name for the cultivated fig. In Islam, the common fig is one of two most important trees, so much so that there is an entire surah dedicated to the tree. Bright green, heart shaped leaves mature to an oval dark green. Upon unfurling, they display different shades of red which makes the tree look absolutely stunning. They are also used in creating bonsai. There are three types of ficus - tree types, bushy ty … A majority of the ficus species originates from the tropical regions, but some also grow wild in subtropical and temperate zones. It may develop aerial roots that form buttresses to the ground. Ficus microcarpa (nitida) 1000-litre. This plant needs a warm climate; temperatures below 50 degrees Fahrenheit can kill it. Within the large ficus family (Ficus spp. Its fruit is also used as a dry food staple in places where food is either scarce or difficult to find in the winters. Because of their growth patterns, these trees are categorized as epiphytic trees. These trees are epiphytic—they absorb moisture from the air. It has glossy green leaves of usually dark colors and is sometimes blemished. Weeping figs, rubber trees, and fiddle leaf figs are especially popular as for indoor growing. Creeping FigBotanical Name: Ficus pumila. Because of this, these trees are often preferred for plantation in places where shades are needed. The genus belongs to the large Moraceae family, which represents 37 genera and ± 1 100 species. Ficus trees are popular houseplants prized for their attractive foliage. The Chinese banyan is another species known as a strangling fig. As the Latin species name tells you, the fruits are small for figs. Figs are a widely consumed type of fruit, which are well received by both native as well as non-native people. Other Names: Climbing Fig, Fig Ivy and Creeping Ficus. When grown outdoors in warm climates, this can become a large tree with glossy oblong leaves somewhat smaller than most figs (2 to 5 inches long). This species of Ficus is native to Western Asia and the Middle East where these trees grow up to heights of 10 feet to 30 feet. Now, you usually find the rubber tree serving as a houseplant. Ficus maxima is a tree which ranges from 5–30 m (16–98 ft) tall. The F.benjamina can grow at a rapid rate when grown in a well light habitat. Ficus is a large genus of about 800-1000 tree and shrub species native to the tropics and subtropics that are often cultivated beyond their native range for their fig fruits or as ornamentals. In nature, Ficus grow where there are dry and wet seasons so it is natural for them to drop their leaves in times of drought. Vanessa Richins Myers is a seasoned horticulturist, garden writer and educator with 10+ years of experience in the horticulture and gardening space. Also commonly called the Australian banyan, this species of fig features huge, curving roots that form above the surface. Ficus microcarpa (nitida) fruit and leaves. Some hardy cultivars of F. carica can be grown in zones 6 and 7. Ficus is a genus in the Moraceae family. It is a tropical tree species from the legume family which produces large, fiery red or golden flowers that blossom from spring through summer. The figs include many broadleaf evergreen and deciduous trees, as well as shrubs and lianas. 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